• Susannah L. Collier
  • George J. Hruza


Minimizing a patient’s pain is one of the most important components of skin cancer surgery. When done well, it makes the surgical experience much more pleasant for both the surgeon and the patient. There are several variables that can make local anesthesia more effective, safer, and less painful including types of and additives to anesthetics, patient-specific cautions, injection techniques, and other tips for increasing patient comfort.


Local Anesthetic Nerve Block Automatic External Defibrillator Needle Stick Facial Nerve Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susannah L. Collier
    • 1
  • George J. Hruza
    • 1
  1. 1.Laser and Dermatologic Surgery CenterChesterfieldUSA

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