Advertisement

Social Change, New Paradigms, and Implications for Families

  • Bahira Sherif Trask
Chapter

Abstract

Accelerated systemic social change is closely associated with globalization. I have argued throughout this work that conventional narratives that approach families, nation-states, or economies as limited static entities, no longer capture the rapid macro–micro interactions that are the fundamental basis of this change. Instead, valuable insight into contemporary social phenomena requires a transnational, dynamic approach that depicts the nature, consequences, and policy implications of these processes. As Robinson (1998) explains, “Social science should be less concerned with static snapshots of the momentary than with the dialect of historic movement, with capturing the central dynamics and tendencies in historic processes. The central dynamic of our epoch is globalization, and the central tendency is the ascendance of transnational capital, which brings with it the transnationalization of classes in general……Determinancy on the structural side is shifting to new transnational space that is eroding, subsuming, and superseding national space as the locus of social life, even though this social life is still ‘filtered through’ nation-state institutions. This situation underscores the highly contradictory nature of transnational relations as well as the indeterminancy of emergent transnational social structure.” (p. 581). Robinson’s observations draw attention to the need for new paradigms that allow us to capture the decentralization of power, the transnational nature of phenomena, and the rapidity and movement that are inherent features of contemporary social life.

The need for new approaches and paradigms is particularly acute for understanding contemporary social change with respect to families. As our world becomes increasingly interconnected through economic integration, technological and communication advances, and political transformations, the sphere of the family is a primary arena where globalizing processes are realized. Nonetheless, as has been discussed, observers and analysts of globalization, and of family life, have neglected this critical juncture for investigating contemporary social change. Despite a general acknowledgement of the complexities and social significance inherent in globalization, most analyses remain top-down, focused on the global economy, corporate strategies, and political streams. This limited perspective on globalization has had profound implications for understanding social life and social transformation.

Keywords

Labor Force Family Domain Gender Ideology Family Arrangement Political Stream 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Albrow, M. (1997). Traveling beyond local cultures: Socioscapes in a global city. In J. Eade (Ed.), Living the global city: Globalization as local process (pp. 37–55). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Appadurai, A. (1990). Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economy. In M. Featherstone (Ed.), Global culture: Nationalism, globalization and modernity. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  3. Beneria, L. (2003). Gender, development and globalization: Economics as if all people mattered. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Bourdieu, P. (1991). Language and symbolic power. J. B. Thompson (Ed.) Trans. M. Adamson. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  5. Browne, C., & Braun, K. (2008). Globalization, women’s migration, and the long-term-care workforce. The Gerontologist, 48, 16–24.Google Scholar
  6. Carrington, V. (2001). Globalization, family and nation-state: Reframing ‘family’ in new times. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 22, 185–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Castells, M. (2000). The end of millennium. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  8. Coontz, S. (2000). Historical perspectives on family studies. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62, 283–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Creed, G. (2000). “Family values” and domestic economies. Annual Review of Anthropology, 29, 329–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Edgar, D. (2004). Globalization and Western bias in family sociology. In J. Scott, J. Treas & M. Richards (Eds.), The Blackwell companion to the sociology of families (pp. 3–16). Malden, MA: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ehrenreich, B., & Hochschild, A. (eds). (2003). Global woman: Nannies, maids and sex workers in the new economy. New York: Metropolitan Books.Google Scholar
  12. Folbre, N. (2001). The invisible heart: Economics and family values. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  13. Fussel, M. E. (2000). Making labor flexible: The recomposition of Tijuana’s macquiladora female labor force. Feminist Economics, 6, 59–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ganguly-Scrase, R. (2003). Paradoxes of globalization, liberalization, and gender equality. The worldviews of the lower middle class in West Bengal, India. Gender & Society, 17, 544–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gunewardena, N., & Kingsolver, A. E. (2007). The gender of globalization: Women navigating cultural and economic marginalities. New York: School for Advanced Research Press.Google Scholar
  16. Heymann, J. (2006). Forgotten families: Ending the growing crisis confronting children and working parents in the global economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. (1997). “I’m here, but I’m there.” The meanings of Latina transnational motherhood. Gender & Society, 11, 548–571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kellner, D. (2002). Theorizing globalization. Sociological Theory, 20, 285–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kingfisher, C. (2002). Western welfare in decline: Globalization and women’s poverty. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  20. Lareau, A. (2003). Unequal childhoods: Class, race and family life. Berkeley: University of California.Google Scholar
  21. Nagar, R., Lawson, V., McDowell, L., & Hanson, S. (2002). Locating globalization: Feminist re-readings of the subjects and spaces of globalization. Economic Geography, 78, 257–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nussbaum, M. (2002). Long-term-care and social justice. In World Health Organization (Ed.), Ethical choices in long-term care: What does justice require? (pp. 31–66). New York: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  23. Parrenas, R. S. (2003). The care crisis in the Philippines: Children and transnational families in the new global economy. In B. Ehrenreich & A. R. Hochschild (Eds.), Global woman: Nannies, maids, and sex workers in the new economy (pp. 39–55). New York: Metropolitan Books.Google Scholar
  24. Pyle, J. (2005). Critical globalization and gender studies. In R. Applebaum & W. Robinson (Eds.), Critical globalization studies (pp. 249–258). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Robertson, R. (1995). Glocalization: Time–space and homogeneity–heterogeneity. In M. Fetherstone, S. Lash & R. Robertson (Eds.), Global modernities (pp. 25–44). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  26. Robinson, W. (1998). Beyond nation-state paradigms: Globalization, sociology, and the challenge of transnational studies. Sociological Forum, 13, 561–594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Safa, H. (2002). Questioning globalization: Gender and export processing in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Developing Societies, 18, 11–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sen, K. (1995). Gender, culture and later life: A dilemma for contemporary feminism. Gender and Development, 3, 36–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stacey, J. (1996). In the name of the family: Rethinking the family in the postmodern age. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  30. UNICEF. (2008). United for children, united against AIDS. Fact sheet accessed 25 March 2009, http://www.uniteforchildren.org/resources_publications.html.
  31. Yan, R., & Neal, A. (2006). The impact of globalization on family relations in China. International Journal of Sociology of the family, 32, 113–125.Google Scholar
  32. Zimmerman, M., Litt, J., & Bose, C. (2006). Conclusion. In M. Zimmerman, J. Litt & C. Bose (Eds.), Global dimensions of gender and carework (pp. 369–377). Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations