• Tony Fahey


The population of Europe seems set to become smaller, older and, because of immigration, less ethnically cohesive in the future. These trends are generally viewed with anxiety in Europe, though it is not self-evident that they are as negative or as inevitable as they are often portrayed. Having first briefly outlined some of the ambiguities that arise in defining the boundaries of Europe for demographic purposes, the chapter provides a general account of these trends and of the major components of population change − births, deaths and migration − that make them up. It also pays some attention to internal diversity within Europe, since that diversity may prove great enough to amount to a new force for division between European regions, not least between the demographically stronger and weaker states within the European Union. It concludes with some comments on how the European Union might respond to the current demographic situation.


Total Fertility Rate Fertility Decline European State European Migration Elderly Share 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Professor of Social PolicyUniversity CollegeDublinIreland

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