The Reception of Noether’s Second Theorem after 1950

  • Yvette Kosmann-Schwarzbach
Part of the Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences book series (SHMP)


While the historical connection between Noether’s first theorem and its consequences for classical and quantum mechanics was not emphasized until late in the twentieth century, the connection between the fundamental result constituted by Noether’s second theorem—which has been ignored by most authors of articles and books on the calculus of variations—and general relativity was recognized more explicitly among researchers in this area and that connection was generally acknowledged in the literature since 1950. In the gauge theories that have been developed more recently, its role has also been recognized.


Gauge Theory Gauge Transformation Local Gauge Transformation Global Gauge Transformation Horizontal Differential 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre de Mathématiques Laurent SchwartzÉcole PolytechniquePalaiseauFrance

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