We have seen in Chapter 1 that the nematic phase is most naturally described by two order parameter tensors Q and B that can be obtained as macroscopic averages of molecular tensors. However, different phenomenological theories were first developed motivated by the unique optical properties of the nematic phase. We postpone to Chapter 4 the investigation of continuum theories based on the order tensors and begin here by looking at director theories that are motivated by the observation that a nematic, although liquid, behaves like a crystal in that it exhibits optically distinguished local directions. These directions are the main protagonists of director theories.
KeywordsLiquid Crystal Couple Stress Nematic Liquid Crystal Director Theory Dissipation Function
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.