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Opioids: Basic Concepts in Clinical Practice

  • Geremy L. Sanders
  • Michael P. Sprintz
  • Ryan P. Ellender
  • Alecia L. Sabartinelli
  • Alan D. Kaye
Chapter

Abstract

For centuries, opioids have been utilized to relieve pain and suffering. In current practice, opiates are employed to provide analgesia arising from both acute and chronic conditions. Acutely, opioids are most commonly used to treat pain following injury, surgery, or labor and delivery. They are also used to treat discomfort arising from exacerbations of medical disorders. In addition, opiates have been used in lower doses to treat cough; and they can also be effective in causing constipation or treating diarrhea. It is important to remember, however, that opiates merely treat these symptoms; the underlying disease remains.

Keywords

Chronic Pain Acute Pain Chronic Pain Patient Physical Dependence Opioid Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geremy L. Sanders
    • 1
  • Michael P. Sprintz
    • 2
  • Ryan P. Ellender
    • 3
  • Alecia L. Sabartinelli
    • 4
  • Alan D. Kaye
    • 3
    • 1
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Louisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyAlton Ochsner Clinic and HospitalNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  4. 4.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  5. 5.Interventional Pain ServicesLouisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  6. 6.Department of AnesthesiologyTulane University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  7. 7.Department of PharmacologyTulane University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA

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