Fibromyalgia, Arthritic, and Myofascial Pain

  • Nalini Vadivelu
  • Richard D. Urman


Fibromyalgia (FMS) is an idiopathic painful syndrome of a chronic nature and of unclear etiology. It is more prevalent in females with a ratio of 9:1 females to males. About 5 million people in the United States are thought to suffer from fibromyalgia. It is estimated to be present in 2–7% of the population in most countries and is a debilitating illness with resultant loss of work days and school days, disability, and functional impairment.


Rheumatoid Arthritis Irritable Bowel Syndrome Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Trigger Point Cold Spray 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nalini Vadivelu
    • 1
  • Richard D. Urman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiaHarvard Medical School/Brigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA

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