Alternative and Herbal Pharmaceuticals

  • Alan D. Kaye
  • Muhammad Anwar
  • Amir Baluch


The use of alternative medicines such as minerals, vitamins, and herbal products has increased dramatically in recent years. Reasons for such an increase in prevalence include anecdotal reports on efficacy, impressive advertisement, lower cost of products compared to prescription medications, and ease of attainment of the supplements. Regardless of the reasons, it is important that physicians, particularly the pain practitioner be cognizant of the effects of these agents, whether beneficial or harmful.


Megaloblastic Anemia American Ginseng Epidural Steroid Injection Chromium Picolinate Boswellic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan D. Kaye
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Muhammad Anwar
    • 6
  • Amir Baluch
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Louisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Interventional Pain ServicesLouisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  4. 4.Department of AnesthesiologyTulane University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  5. 5.Department of PharmacologyTulane University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  6. 6.Department of AnesthesiologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  7. 7.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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