Introduction to Pain Management, Historical Perspectives, and Careers in Pain Management

  • Erica Bial
  • Doris K. Cope


The importance of recognizing, assessing, understanding, and treating pain is central to the role of any caregiver. When a patient presents to the physician, he rarely comes labeled with a given diagnosis; rather, he more often has a chief “complaint” that he suffers in some manner. To the patient, the symptom, not the pathology or disease, is the affliction. As such, it is imperative that we respect and understand that pain and suffering are the often primary reasons that patients seek medical care for.


Pattern Theory Ancient Egyptian Unexplained Pain Gate Control Theory Liver Fire 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica Bial
    • 1
  • Doris K. Cope
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Population MedicineHavard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Pittsburg School of MedicinePittsburgUSA

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