Symmetry in Nuclear Physics

  • A. Frank
  • P. Van Isacker
  • J. Jolie
Part of the Springer Tracts in Modern Physics book series (STMP, volume 230)

While in the previous chapter symmetry techniques were presented from a general perspective with potential applications in all fields of quantum physics, in this chapter we turn our attention to atomic nuclei. Symmetry considerations have played an important role in nuclear physics, starting from the birth of the discipline, and have continued to do so throughout its development. A comprehensive overview of all such applications would be a gargantuan task and no attempt at that is made here. Our aim is rather to present in this chapter some of the most important developments of symmetry-based models in nuclear physics (including early ones) from a modern and coherent perspective. The early models are due to Wigner, Racah and Elliott and can be considered as precursors to the more modern ones such as the interacting boson model of Arima and Iachello.

Nuclear models based on symmetry concepts can be separated rather naturally into two groups. In the first, a nucleus is considered as a...


Young Diagram Casimir Operator Dynamical Symmetry Collective Model Valence Shell 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MexicoMexico
  2. 2.GANILFrance
  3. 3.University zu KölnGermany

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