Policy and Practice in Kenya Rangelands: Impacts on Livelihoods and Wildlife

  • Katherine Homewood
Part of the Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation book series (STHE, volume 5)

9.1 Introduction

Kenya's new Draft Wildlife Bill singles out Mara, Amboseli and Kitengela as critically endangered ecosystems (MTW, 2007). The Narok and Kajiado districts which contain these ecosystems are at once the site of extraordinarily rapid economic development and land use change in their urban, peri-urban and higher agro-ecological potential zones, and also characterized by persistent poverty that is both wide and deep (Thornton et al., 2006). In this book, the Mara, Amboseli and Kitengela case studies have illustrated the changing patchwork of pastoralist development and wildlife conservation throughout Kenya Maasailand. The present chapter draws on that material, together with the wider literature, to tease out the ways in which national policies have shaped the present circumstances of both Maasai livelihoods and rangeland wildlife, and their implications for ongoing change. It builds on this analysis to consider current and future policy options.

As far as pastoral...


National Park Livestock Production Wildlife Conservation Pastoral Area Group Ranch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter could not have been written without Mike Norton-Griffiths, who by disagreeing vehemently with most of the contents, and providing commentaries and literature to substantiate those challenges, forced me to consider broader and more economistic perspectives. Shauna BurnSilver, Patti Kristjanson, David Western and Pip Trench gave helpful comments. The opinions presented, and the errors and deficiencies that remain, are my own.


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© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine Homewood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity College London, University of LondonLondonUK

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