Community-Based Conservation and Maasai Livelihoods in Tanzania

  • Fred Nelson
  • Benjamin Gardner
  • Jim Igoe
  • Andrew Williams
Part of the Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation book series (STHE, volume 5)

8.1 Introduction

Northern Tanzania is renowned for hosting the most significant populations of large terrestrial mammals left on the earth, particularly those found in the expansive ecosystems of the Serengeti and the Maasai Steppe. The region's savanna and grassland landscape, which has been managed by pastoralists 11 for thousands of years22 through burning, grazing, and the exclusion of large-scale agriculture, maintains a remarkably diverse and widespread wildlife fauna. Since the early colonial era, Tanzania's wildlife has been a focus of management and conservation efforts. Maasailand, with its wildlife richness, has received much of the attention of government conservation initiatives. Pastoralist livelihoods have been transformed by the loss of land to state protected areas, as Tanzania has accumulated one of Africa's most extensive networks of National Parks and Game Reserves (Homewood and Rodgers, 1991; Neumann, 1998; Igoe, 2004). More recently, the rapid growth of northern...


Wildlife Conservation Game Reserve Wildlife Management Area Village Land Ngorongoro Conservation Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We acknowledge and thank the people who have contributed to these case studies. We are not able to mention all of them, but we especially thank Dr Martin Walsh, Dr Peter Coppolillo, Maanda Ngoitiko, Daniel Ngoitiko, Makko Sinandei, Edward Loure, Dismas Meitaya, Mike, David and Thad Peterson, and the many residents of the villages in the case study areas who shared their views and experiences. The authors take full responsibility for the views expressed in this chapter, together with any factual errors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Nelson
    • 1
  • Benjamin Gardner
    • 2
  • Jim Igoe
  • Andrew Williams
    • 3
  1. 1.Maliasili InitiativesTanzania
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyCA
  3. 3.Tanzania Natural Resource ForumArushaTanzania

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