Cattle and Crops, Tourism and Tanzanite: Poverty, Land-Use Change and Conservation in Simanjiro District, Tanzania

  • Hassan Sachedina
  • Pippa Chenevix Trench
Part of the Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation book series (STHE, volume 5)

7.1 Introduction

Uvumilivu wako uwe mwangaza wa mwongozo wako. (Your perseverance will be your guiding light.)

Graffiti by ‘Bob Ally’ on rocks next to the main track used by Tanzanite miners to access Block ‘D’ in the Mererani

Controlled Area

When approaching the township of Mererani in Simanjiro district, Tanzania, one immediately becomes aware that this is no ordinary Tanzanian town. Large groups of graphite-stained miners mingle with Maasai dressed in shukas in this township dedicated almost entirely to the mining of the precious gemstone Tanzanite (Zoisite). Multiple mobile phone towers are visible along streets heavily rutted by numerous trucks and buses; off-road motorcycles are common and pockets of wealth are clearly evident; ornate houses, walled hotel complexes, and bars bustling in the morning. The facilities were built by mining ‘barons’ – wealthy brokers or mine owners who are using their recent wealth to influence land use, politics and livelihoods throughout northern...


Wildlife Conservation Wealthy Household Game Reserve Malignant Catarrhal Fever Wealth Rank 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan Sachedina
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pippa Chenevix Trench
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Oxford University Centre for the EnvironmentOxfordUK
  3. 3.Oxford University Centre for the EnvironmentUniversity of KansasLawrenceKS

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