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Removal from Vietnam and Final Disposition of Agent Orange

  • Alvin L. Young
Chapter

The use of the tactical herbicide “Agent Orange” by the United States Military in South Vietnam was discontinued on 19 April 1970. On 13 September 1971, Department of Defense Secretary Melvin Laird ordered all remaining stocks of Agent Orange (and Orange II) in the Republic of Vietnam (RVN) returned to the United States as quickly as possible after the US Embassy negotiated a formal transfer of title from the RVN Government. On 31 October 1971, all herbicide activities under US control were terminated. Operation PACER IVY, the removal of all remaining Orange Herbicide in South Vietnam, was completed on 28 April 1972 when approximately 5.2 million liters (25,220 drums) were off-loaded on Johnston Island in the Central Pacific Ocean. Operation PACER HO, the destruction of the Agent Orange by at-sea incineration, was conducted from May through September 1977. This Chapter describes the removal of Agent Orange from South Vietnam, its subsequent storage and maintenance, and its final disposition.

Keywords

Central Pacific Ocean Vietnamese Woman Destruction Efficiency Ranch Hand Joint Chief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CheyenneUSA

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