Negative Binomial GAM and GAMM to Analyse Amphibian Roadkills
This chapter analyses amphibian fatalities along a road in Portugal. The data are counts of kills making a Gaussian distribution unlikely; restricting our choice of techniques. We began with generalised linear models (GLM) and generalised additive models (GAM) with a Poisson distribution, but these models were overdispersed. To solve this, you can either apply a quasi-Poisson GLM or GAM, or use the negative binomial distribution (Chapter 9). In this particular example, either approaches can be applied as the overdispersion was fairly small (around 5), but with many ecological data sets it can be considerably larger, in which case the negative binomial GLM (or GAM) is the natural choice. As many textbooks give examples using quasi-Poisson GAMs and GLMs and only a few using the negative binomial, we decided to use the negative binomial distribution.