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Effects Of Proinsulin C-Peptide On Oxygen Transport, Uptake and Utilization In Insulinopenic Diabetic Subjects – A Review

  • Lina Nordquist
  • Sara Stridh
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 645)

Abstract

Exogenous C-peptide administration has beneficial effects in many of the tissues commonly affected by diabetic complications. Diabetes-induced circulatory impairments such as decreased blood flow are prevented by C-peptide, possibly via Ca2+- mediated effects on nitric oxide release. C-peptide also improves diabetes-induced erythrocyte deformability, which likely improves oxygen availability and uptake in affected tissues. Furthermore, C-peptide prevents diabetic neuropathy via improvements of endoneural blood flow and by preventing axonal swelling. In the kidney, C-peptide normalizes the diabetes-induced increase in oxygen consumption via inhibition of the Na+/K+-ATPase. Surprisingly, C-peptide has also been shown to prevent complications in patients with type II diabetes. Taken together, these results may indicate that C-peptide treatment has the potential to reduce the prevalence of diabetic complications. In this paper, the current knowledge regarding these beneficial effects of C-peptide administered to diabetic subjects will be reviewed briefly.

Keywords

Nitric Oxide ATPase Activity Diabetic Neuropathy Oxygen Transport Proximal Tubular Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lina Nordquist
    • 1
  • Sara Stridh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Cell BiologyUppsala University, BMC, PO 571751 23 UppsalaSweden

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