Ma’iingan and the Ojibwe
This chapter will attempt to explore the significance of wolf recovery in the western Great Lakes region to one group of people – those known to others as the Ojibwe or Chippewa, and to themselves as the Anishinabe. It is not written by an Ojibwe, but by an individual who has had the pleasure and privilege of working with and for the Ojibwe for over two decades. It does not purport to extend the concepts discussed to other Native American nations – even those others residing in the western Great Lakes region – though in some cases there will be similarities.
It also does not intend to suggest that it fully captures the complexities of the relationship that exists between the Ojibwe and the wolf – or even that a singular relationship exists. The connection that individual Ojibweg share with ma’iingan tends to be deep, significant, and personal; any suggestion in the essay below that implies otherwise reflects only the shortcomings of the author.
KeywordsWolf Population Tribal Member Wisconsin Department Wolf Management Lethal Control
I am grateful to Charles Rasmussen, Jason Stark, James Zorn, and James St. Arnold for review of earlier drafts of this document. Special contributions made by Patty Loew, Ed Heske, and Lisa David were especially appreciated. My sincere thanks go out to you all.
- Benton-Banai, E. 1988. The Mishomis Book. Hayward, Wisconsin: Indian Country Communications, Inc.Google Scholar
- Danziger, E. J., Jr. 1979. The Chippewas of Lake Superior. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
- Johnson, B. 1990. Ojibway Heritage. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
- Lopez, B. H. 1978. Of Wolves and Men. New York, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Michigan Department of Natural Resources. 2007. Draft Michigan Wolf Management Plan. Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Wildlife Division, Lansing, Michigan.Google Scholar
- Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2001. Minnesota State Wolf Management Plan. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife, Minneapolis, Minnesota.Google Scholar
- Satz, R. N. 1991. Chippewa Treaty Rights. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 79(1):1–251.Google Scholar
- Schoolcraft, H. R. 1975. Thirty Years with the Indian Tribes. New York, New York: Arno Press.Google Scholar
- Tanner, J. 1994. The Falcon. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, U. K.: Penguin Books Ltd.Google Scholar
- Whaley, R., with W. Bresette. 1994. Walleye Warriors. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: New Society Publishers.Google Scholar
- Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 1999. Wisconsin Wolf Management Plan. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.Google Scholar