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Structure and Evolution of Tropomyosin Genes

  • Bernadette Vrhovski
  • Nadine Thézé
  • Pierre Thiébaud
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 644)

Abstract

Tropomyosins constitute a family of highly related actin-binding proteins found in the animal kingdom from yeast to human. In vertebrates, they are encoded by a multigene family where each member can produce several isoforms through alternative splicing and for some of them with alternate promoters. Tropomyosin isoform diversity has considerably increased during evolution from invertebrates to vertebrates and stems from the duplication of ancestral genes. The advance of genomic sequence information on various animals has expanded our knowledge on the structure of tropomyosin genes in different phyla and subphyla. We present the organisation of tropomyosin genes in different major phyla and the phylogenetic comparison of their structure highlights the evolution of this multigene family.

Keywords

Xenopus Laevis Genome Duplication Fugu Rubripes Vertebrate Orthologs Tropomyosin Isoforms 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernadette Vrhovski
    • 1
  • Nadine Thézé
    • 2
  • Pierre Thiébaud
    • 3
  1. 1.Oncology Research UnitThe Children’s Hospital at WestmeadWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Université Victor Segalen BordeauxBordeauxFrance
  3. 3.UMR 5164-CNRSUniversité Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2Bordeaux CedexFrance

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