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Sapphire pp 399-446 | Cite as

The Effect of Thermal Treatment of Crystals on Their Structure Quality and Mechanical Characteristics

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
  • Valerian Pishchik
Chapter
Part of the Micro- and Opto-Electronic Materials, Structures, and Systems book series (MOEM)

Abstract

The modern technological processes of manufacturing single-crystal articles usually include thermal treatment of the already-made products or their blanks as one of the necessary stages. Thermal treatment presumes exposure of crystals at certain temperature for the specified time, those being sufficient for the course of relaxation processes at a necessary velocity.

Keywords

Residual Stress Subsurface Layer Anionic Vacancy Block Boundary Crystal Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
    • 1
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
    • 2
  • Valerian Pishchik
    • 3
  1. 1.Rubicon TechnologyFranklin ParkUSA
  2. 2.Scientific Technological ComplexInstitute for Single CrystalsKharkovUkraine
  3. 3.Gavish, Ltd.Sapphire ProductsOmerIsrael

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