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Sapphire pp 289-362 | Cite as

The Regularities of Structure Defect Formation at the Crystal Growing

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
  • Valerian Pishchik
Chapter
Part of the Micro- and Opto-Electronic Materials, Structures, and Systems book series (MOEM)

Abstract

This chapter will present the main mechanisms of the structure defect formation in sapphire and will look at the possibilities of growing the crystals with a prespecified distribution of the structure defects

Keywords

Point Defect Dislocation Structure Cationic Vacancy Seed Crystal Impurity Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
    • 1
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
    • 2
  • Valerian Pishchik
    • 3
  1. 1.Rubicon TechnologyFranklin ParkUSA
  2. 2.Scientific Technological ComplexInstitute for Single CrystalsKharkovUkraine
  3. 3.Gavish, Ltd.Sapphire ProductsOmerIsrael

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