Sapphire pp 177-188 | Cite as

Radiation Effects in Sapphire

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
  • Valerian Pishchik
Part of the Micro- and Opto-Electronic Materials, Structures, and Systems book series (MOEM)


High-energy particles that participate in elastic and inelastic interactions with target nuclei cause shifts of the crystal lattice atoms. At low energies of bombarding particles, such shifts lead to the formation of individual vacancies and individual interstitial atoms


Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Neutron Irradiation Dislocation Loop Color Center Radiation Defect 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena R. Dobrovinskaya
    • 1
  • Leonid A. Lytvynov
    • 2
  • Valerian Pishchik
    • 3
  1. 1.Rubicon TechnologyFranklin ParkUSA
  2. 2.Scientific Technological ComplexInstitute for Single CrystalsKharkovUkraine
  3. 3.Gavish, Ltd.Sapphire ProductsOmerIsrael

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