Advertisement

Effects of Information Communication Technology on Urban and Rural Service Sectors: An Empirical Analysis of Japanese Economic Geography

  • Hideyuki Tanaka
  • Takeshi Okamoto
Part of the IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 286)

Abstract

The present paper investigates the impacts of information communication technology (ICT) on economic geography by focusing on the Japanese service sectors. The authors empirically assess the effects of ICT on the urban and rural service sectors using Japanese economic data. There are two main findings. The first indicates that the service sectors in urban areas agglomerated from 2000 to 2006. The second is that the ICT environment might affect the location of the service sectors; an especially dense ICT service could accelerate agglomeration in urban areas. However, the effects of the ICT-related environment on the location of the service sectors are different in urban and rural areas. A dense ICT service environment might disperse service sectors in a rural area.

Keywords

Service Sector Knowledge Spillover Economic Geography Information Communication Technol Urban Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Arora, A. & Forman, C. (2007). Proximity and information technology outsourcing: How local are IT services markets? Journal of Management Information Systems, 24(2), 73-102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aslesen, H. W. & Isaksen A. (2007). Knowledge intensive business services and urban industrial de- velopment. Service Industrial Journal, 27(3), 321-338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baumol, W. J. (1961:1977), Economic theory and operations analysis, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hal.Google Scholar
  4. Biteux-Orain, C. & Guillain R. (2004). Changes in the intrametropolitan location of producer services in Ile-de-France (1978-1997): Do information technologies promote a more dispersed spatial pattern? Urban Geography, 25(6), 550-578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bresnahan, T. F. & Trajtenberg, M. (1995). General purpose technologies ‘Engines of Growth’? Journal of Econometrics, 65, 83-108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Forman, C., Goldfarb, A., Greenstein, S. (2003). The geographic dispersion of commercial Internet use. In Cranor, S. F. & Wildman, S.S.(Eds.), Rethinking rights and regulations: Institutional re- sponses to new communications technologies (pp.113-145). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Forman, C., Goldfarb, A. Greenstein, S. (2005a). How did location affect adoption of the commercial Internet? Global village vs. urban leadership. Journal of Urban Economics,58, 389-420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Forman, C., Goldfarb, A. and Greenstein, S.(2005b). Geographic location and the diffusion of Internet technology. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 4, 1-13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaspar, J. & Glaeser, E.L (1998). Information technology and the future of cities. Journal of urban economics, 43, 136-156.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Glaeser, E. L. , Kallal, H.D., Scheinkman, J.A., Shleifer, A. (1992). Growth in Cities. The Journal of Political Economy, 100(6), Centennial Issue. 1126-1152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Henderson, V., Kuncoro, A., Turner, M. (1995). Industrial development in cities. Journal of Political Economy, 103(5), 1067-1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ioannides, Y. M., Overman, H.G., Rossi-Hansberg, E., Schmidheiny, K. (2008). The effect of infor- mation and communication technologies on urban structure. Economic Policy, April, 201-242.Google Scholar
  13. Isaksen, A. (2004). Knowledge-based clusters and urban location: The clustering of software consultancy in Oslo. Urban Studies, 41(5), 1157-1174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jacobs, J. (1969), The economy of cities, New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  15. Krugman, P. (1991). Increasing returns and economic geography. Journal of Political Economy, 99(3), 483-499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kolko, J. (2002). Silicon mountains, silicon molehills: Geographic concentration and convergence of Internet industries in the US. Information Economics and Policy, 14, 211-232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mano, Y. & Otsuka, K. (2000). Agglomeration economies and geographical concentration of indus- tries: A case study of manufacturing sectors. Journal of the Japanese and International Econo mies, 14, 189-203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. OECD (2005), Enhancing the performance of the service sector, Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  19. Pons-Novell, J. & Viladecans-Marsal, E. (2006). Cities and the Internet: The end of distance? Journal of Urban Technology, 13(1), 109-132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Porter, M. E. (1990), The competitive advantage of the nations, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  21. Tabuchi, T. & Thisse, J. (2006). Regional specialization, urban hierarchy, and commuting costs. In- ternational Economic Review, 47(4), 1295-1317.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  22. Zook, M. A. (2002). Grounded capital: Venture financing and the geography of the Internet industry, 1994-2000. Journal of Economic Geography, 2(2), 151-177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideyuki Tanaka
    • 1
  • Takeshi Okamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Interdisciplinary of Information StudiesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations