Spectral Stability of Higher Order Uniformly Elliptic Operators
We prove estimates for the variation of the eigenvalues of uniformly elliptic operators with homogeneous Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions upon variation of the open set on which an operator is defined. We consider operators of arbitrary even order and open sets admitting arbitrary strong degeneration. The main estimate is expressed in terms of a natural and easily computable distance between open sets with continuous boundaries. Another estimate is obtained in terms of the lower Hausdorff—Pompeiu deviation of the boundaries, which in general may be much smaller than the usual Hausdorff—Pompeiu distance. Finally, in the case of diffeomorphic open sets, we obtain an estimate even without the assumption of continuity of the boundaries.
KeywordsSobolev Space Dirichlet Boundary Condition Elliptic Operator Neumann Boundary Condition Continuous Boundary
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