Application of Accelerated Testing and Statistical Lifetime Modeling to Membrane Electrode Assembly Development

  • Michael Hicks
  • Daniel Pierpont


Accelerated testing and statistical lifetime modeling are important tools in the development of durable membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs). There are several reasons for using accelerated tests, such as demonstrated durability improvement, marketing a product 's competitive advantage, and reduced product development time. Three types of accelerated testing are often used; screening tests, mechanistic tests, and lifetime tests. Accelerated lifetime tests are particularly useful when combined with statistical analysis to provide predictive capability for MEA lifetimes in “real life” conditions. This contribution outlines the main techniques for accelerated testing and important rules to follow for accurate results, such as observing the MEA failure modes for consistency.


Fuel Cell Failure Mode Membrane Electrode Assembly Accelerate Test Load Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Curtin, D., Lousenberg, R., Henry, T., Tangeman, P. and Tisak, M. (2004) Advanced materials for improved PEMFC performance and life, J. Power Sources, 131(1–2), 41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Escobedo, G. (2006) Enabling Commercial PEM Fuel Cells with Breakthrough Lifetime Improvements, 2006 DOE Hydrogen Program Review.Google Scholar
  3. Frisk, J., Boand, W., Hicks, M., Kurkowski, M., Schmoeckel, A. and Atanasoski, R. (2004) How 3M developed a new GDL construction for improved oxidative stability, 2004 Fuel Cell Seminar, San Antonio, TX.Google Scholar
  4. Gittleman, G., Lai, Y-H and Miller, D. (2005) Durability of Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes for PEM Fuel Cells, Fall AIChE Meeting.Google Scholar
  5. Meeker, W.Q. and Escobar, L.A. (1998) Statistical Methods for Reliability Data, Wiley, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  6. Schiraldi, D. (2006) Perfluorinated polymer electrolyte membrane durability, Polym. Rev., 46(3), 315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Schiraldi, D., Zhou, C. and Zawodzinski, T. (2006) Model Studies of Perfluorinated PEM Membrane Degradation, 232nd ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA.Google Scholar
  8. Schwiebert, K., Raiford, K., Nagarajan, G., Principe, F. and Escobedo, G. (2005) Strategies to Improve the Durability of Perfluorosulfonic Acid Membranes for PEM Fuel Cells, Fuel Cell Durability.Google Scholar
  9. Stevens, D., Hicks, M., Haugen, G. and Dahn, J. (2005) Ex situ and in situ stability studies of PEMFC catalysts: Effect of carbon type and humidification on degradation of the carbon, J. Electrochem. Soc., 152(12), A2309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Hicks
    • 1
  • Daniel Pierpont
    • 2
  1. 1.Ida Tech, LLCBenchUSA
  2. 2.Fuel Cell Components Program, 3M CompanySt. PaulUSA

Personalised recommendations