The Scientific History

  • Robert A. Stratbucker

We begin with the man who started it all—still among us—master “bioengineer” John H. Cover of Chula Vista California, and his revolutionary 7-watt TASER CEW.


Alternate Current Atmospheric Electricity Electrical Muscle Stimulation Electric Fence Underwriter Laboratory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Victor [pseud] Appleton,Tom Swift and His Electric Rifle, 1911 Available at www Scholar
  2. 2.
    Resnick, B. and J. Murray, A Guide to TASER Technology: Stun guns, Lies and Videotape, 1997 Whitewater Press, Whitewater, CO 81527Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Meese, E. III, The Attorney General’s Conference on Less Than Lethal Weapons, June, 1986 Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, NIJ and FBI, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dalziel, C.F. and F.P. Massoglia, Let-go currents and voltages, 1956 AIEE Trans., vol. 75, part II, pp. 49–56Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ferris, L.P., B.G. King, P.W. Spence and H.B. Williams, Effects of Electric Shock on the Heart, May, 1936 Elec. Eng., pp. 495–515Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Electric shock as it Pertains to the Electric Fence, December, 1939 H.B. Whitaker, Bulletin of Research, Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc., Number 14Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Electric Whaling Apparatus, United States Patent Office, Patent No.8843, March 30, 1852 Dr. Albert Sonnenburg and Philipp Rechten of Bremen, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cole, J.S. and H.J. Curtis, Electric Impedance of the Squid Giant Axon During Activity, 1939 J. Gen. Physiol., vol. 22, p. 649PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dalziel, C.F., Study of the Hazards of Impulse Currents, 1953 AIEE Trans.,vol. 72Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kornblum, R.N. and Reddy, S.K., J “Effects of the Taser in Fatalities Involving Police Confrontation,” 1991 Forensic Sciences, Mar; vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 434–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Reynolds, T.S. and T. Bernstein, The Damnable Alternating Current, 1976 Proc. IEEE, vol. 64, No. 9, SeptGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stratbucker, R.A. Assessment of Cardiac Hazards in Handheld Electronic Law Enforcement Devices,1986. Proc. 8th Conf. of the IEEE Eng. in Med. Biology, Ft. Worth TX, Nov.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stratbucker, R.A. and M.G. Marsh, Relative Immunity of Skin and Card. Vasc. Systems to Stun Gun Electrical Pulses, 1993. Proc.13th Conf. of IEEE E.M.B.S., San Diego CA, Oct.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty, University of Nebraska, Colleges of Medicine and Engineering (Ret.)nebraska

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