Eye and Head Injuries

  • S. Robert Witherspoon
  • Andreas K. Lauer
  • Jonathan L. Marinaro

Ocular injuries caused by CEWs are rare occurrences. Some 30 years after its introduction, two case reports have documented the sight threatening potential of these weapons [1,2]. In discussing the impact of ocular injuries by CEWs, understanding pertinent ocular and adnexal anatomy as well as the terminology of ocular injuries is useful in effectively managing individuals requiring extrication of an embedded probe.


Retinal Detachment Optic Nerve Head Ocular Trauma Ocular Injury Orbicularis Muscle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Robert Witherspoon
  • Andreas K. Lauer
    • 1
  • Jonathan L. Marinaro
  1. 1.Casey Eye Institute, Department of OphthalmologyOregon Health & Science University, Legacy Hospitals

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