Serum and Skin Effects of CEW Application

  • Jeffrey D. Ho

Because there have been some deaths temporally associated with CEW application, there has been intense effort and research to determine if the CEW has been a contributor in these cases or whether it is an item of convenience for blame. Initial theories of contribution centered around direct induction of arrhythmia or electrocution. However, numerous researchers of human subjects have demonstrated a high degree of cardiac safety in various studies [1–5].


Serum Potassium Level Cardiac Muscle Cell Athletic Event Severe Rhabdomyolysis Extreme Exercise 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Emergency Medicine, Hennepin County Medical CenterUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

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