A Japanese Adaptive Test of English as a Foreign Language: Developmental and Operational Aspects

  • Yasuko Nogami
  • Norio Hayashi
Part of the Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (SSBS)


With the advance and spread of computer technology, computerized adaptive testing (CAT) is gradually replacing traditional paper-and-pencil testing. One of the first computerized tests in Japan was the adaptive version of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). As a result of the interest in this test, some of the Japanese testing organizations are now in the process of computerizing their examinations. The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement (JIEM) developed an adaptive test of the proficiency of English as a foreign language—known as the Computerized Assessment System for English Communication. In this chapter, we introduce the test and describe its process of development. The information may be helpful to other testing agencies that also consider moving their tests to an adaptive format.


Item Response Theory Item Difficulty Item Parameter Item Bank Computerize Adaptive Testing 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuko Nogami
    • 1
  • Norio Hayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Japan Institute for Educational Measurement, Inc.TokyoJapan

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