The Processes of Living

  • David S. Goodsell


What is life? We all know a living thing when we see it, but when you get right down to it, it’s hard to come up with a consistent definition. For instance, plants grow and are alive, but crystals, which also grow, are not alive. What is the difference? In 1944, the physicist Erwin Schrödinger presented a very simple definition of life that has withstood the test of time. He identified one property that all life shares: living things avoid decay into equilibrium.


Lipid Bilayer Chemical Energy Iodine Atom Living Thing Molecular Machine 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular BiologyThe Scripps Research InstituteLa JollaUSA

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