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Economic Evaluation

  • John Watt
  • Ståle Navrud
  • Zuzana Slížková
  • Tim Yates
Chapter

The preceding chapters have, to a large extent, concentrated on an examination of the scientific methods of working out how much heritage materials are damaged by the environment that they are in. Science alone, however, does not tell us what to do about it. In the real world, the decisive factor is usually cost. There are many influences on the cost that we are prepared to accept for the given goods or services and many of those are linked to the value that we place on things. This chapter looks at some of the economic dimensions of air pollution damage to heritage.

Keywords

Cultural Heritage Welfare Loss Contingent Valuation Method Employment Impact Cleaning Cost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The foundation for this chapter was the REACH Project, funded by the EU: Environment and Climate Programme under Topic 2.2.4. PROJECT No: ENV4-CT98-0708 (REACH). The major economic contributions to this project were made by Navrud and Ready on indirect costs (who have since published this work and more in their book, Valuing Cultural Heritage. Applying environmental valuation techniques to historical buildings and monuments, see below). The UK Building Research Establishment and their sub-contactor, Ecotec Ltd, examined the effects on the local area and the local economy. BRE, with ITAM in the Czech Republic also developed a great deal of the material on direct costs, building on earlier work by all partners in the REACH Project. We are grateful to Milos Drdácký in particular. We are also grateful to Mike Holland and Paul Watkiss, CAFE, for their contributions to this chapter based on their presentation to the MULTI-ASSESS Workshop, London 2004.

References

References

  1. CAFE (2008) Details of the CAFE Project Cost Benefit Analysis: http://www.cafe-cba.org/
  2. “CULT-STRAT Project” – Assessment of Air Pollution Effects on Cultural Heritage – Management Strategies 2004–2007 Contract number: SSPI-CT-2004-501609.Google Scholar
  3. DEFRA (2001) An Economic Analysis to Inform the Review of the Air Quality Strategy Objectives for Particles A Second Report of the Interdepartmental Group on Costs and Benefits http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/airquality/panels/igcb/research/index.htm
  4. ExternE (1999) DGXII (JOULE Programme) Externalities of Energy, ExternE Project, Report Number 7, Methodology: Update 1998. Holland, M.R. and Forster, D. (eds.).Google Scholar
  5. Holland, M.R., Forster, D. and King, K. (1999) Cost-Benefit Analysis for the Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground Level Ozone in Europe. Report Number: Air and Energy 133, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment (MVROM), Directorate Air and Energy, ipc 640, P.O. Box 30945, 2500 GX The Hague, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  6. Holland, M, Hunt, A., Hurley, F. Navrud, S. and Watkiss, P. (2005) Final Methodology Paper (Volume 1) for Service Contract for carrying out cost-benefit analysis of air quality related issues, in particular in the clean air for Europe (CAFE) programme. AEA Technology.Google Scholar
  7. Krupnick, A., Ostro, B. and Bull, K (2005) Peer review of the Methodology of Cost-benefit analysis of the Clean air for Europe programme.Google Scholar
  8. Navrud, S. and Ready R.C. (2002) Valuing Cultural Heritage. Applying environmental valuation techniques to historical buildings and monuments. Edward Elgar publishing, UK. 279 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Newby, P.T., Mansfield, T.A. and Hamilton, R.S. (1991) Sources and Economic Implications of Building Soiling in Urban Areas, Sci. Total Env., 100, 347–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Rabl, A. (1999) ‘Air Pollution and Buildings: An Estimation of Damage Costs in France,’ Environmental Impact Assessment Review 19, 361–385.Google Scholar

Sources of Additional Information

  1. A useful primer on the theory of economic valuation, with case studies focussing on the heritage sector is:Google Scholar
  2. Valuing Cultural Heritage by Navrud, S. and Ready R.C. Edward Elgar. 2002.279 pp.Google Scholar
  3. “CULT-STRAT Project” – Assessment of Air Pollution Effects on Cultural Heritage – Management Strategies 2004–2007 Contract number: SSPI-CT-2004-501609.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Watt
    • 1
  • Ståle Navrud
    • 2
  • Zuzana Slížková
    • 3
  • Tim Yates
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Decision Analysis and Risk Management, School of Health and Social SciencesMiddlesex UniversityThe BurroughsUK
  2. 2.Department of Economics and Resource ManagementNorwegian University of Life SciencesNorway
  3. 3.Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ITAM)Czech Republic
  4. 4.BRE-Building Research Establishment, Ltd.GarstonUK

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