Some Aspects of Biological Weathering and Air Pollution

  • Wolfgang Krumbein
  • Anna Gorbushina

The influences of air pollution and deterioration by microorganisms on buildings, monuments, and sculptures made of stone gained considerable attention in the last Century. Both damage functions were usually discussed separately. In this contribution we deal with the mutual interactions of both factors on stone monuments, which is an emerging area of research.


Rock Surface Stone Surface Desulfovibrio Desulfuricans Chemical Transfer Mural Painting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to express their appreciation to colleagues for their support, provision of information and stimulating discussions. We are particularly grateful to Herbert Liedel and Helmut Dollhopf for their permission to use their figure in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OldenburgGermany

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