• John Watt
  • Ron Hamilton
  • Roger-Alexandre Lefèvre
  • Anda Ionescu

Soiling is another simple and familiar concept – we all know (or remember) the blackness of buildings associated with industrial urban cities or the streaked effect on limestone buildings. This chapter looks at the actual mechanisms involved and relates them to atmospheric pollution.


Total Suspend Particulate Building Surface Gypsum Crust Particle Assemblage Uncovered Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors of this chapter wish to express their appreciation to all the colleagues in the MULTI-ASSESS and CULT-STRAT consortia for their support, provision of data and stimulating discussions.



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Watt
    • 1
  • Ron Hamilton
    • 1
  • Roger-Alexandre Lefèvre
    • 2
  • Anda Ionescu
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Decision Analysis and Risk ManagementSchool of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex UniversityThe BurroughsUK
  2. 2.Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes AtmosphériquesUniversity of Paris 12Créteil CedexFrance
  3. 3.CERTES, University of Paris 12Créteil CedexFrance

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