New Concepts for Managing Urban Pollution

  • Lawrence A. Baker

Most current pollution management in cities is based on treating pollution at the end-of-the pipe, after pollution is generated. This paradigm worked well for treating municipal sewage and industrial effluents – point sources of pollutants. Pollution from these sources has been greatly reduced since passage of the Clean Water Act in 1972. However, the remaining pollution problem in post-industrial cities is mostly caused by nonpoint sources – runoff from lawns, erosion from construction sites, gradual decomposition of automobiles (e.g., erosion of tire particles containing zinc and brake pad linings with copper), and added road salt from de-icing operations. The next section of this chapter shows why the end-of-pipe paradigm cannot be the primary approach for dealing with these types of pollution and why new approaches are needed.


Geographic Information System Adaptive Management Urban Ecosystem Road Salt Material Flow Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Research reported in this chapter was supported by NSF Biocomplexity Projects 0322065 and 0709581 to L. Baker.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence A. Baker
    • 1
  1. 1.Minnesota Water Resources Center, University of Minnesota, and WaterThink, LLC, St. PaulMinnesotaUSA

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