Agent-Based Robust Frequency Regulation
As mentioned in the previous chapters, serious frequency deviations can directly impact on power system operation, system reliability and efficiency. Frequency changes in large-scale power systems are a direct result of the imbalance between the electrical load and the power supplied by system connected generators .
In a deregulated environment, load–frequency control (LFC), as an ancillary service, plays a fundamental role in supporting power exchanges and providing better conditions for system reliability and electricity trading. In the new environment, generation companies (Gencos) submit their ramp rates (Megawatts per minute) and bids to the market operator. After a bidding evaluation, those Gencos selected to provide the regulation service must perform their functions according to the ramp rates approved by the responsible organization.
Recently, several scenarios have been proposed to adapt the well-known conventional LFC scheme to the changing environment of power system...
KeywordsControl Area Load Demand Static Output Feedback Load Disturbance Participation Factor
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