Advances in Exploring Mechanistic Variations in Thermal Aging of Polymers

  • M. Celina
  • K.T. Gillen


Aging Temperature Shift Factor Tensile Elongation Mechanistic Variation High Aging Temperature 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. (1).
    Gillen, K.T., Celina, M., Clough, R.L., and Wise, J., “Extrapolation of Accelerated Aging Data- Arrhenius or Erroneous?,” Trends Polym. Sci., 5, 250 (1997).Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    Celina, M., Gillen, K.T., and Assink, R.A., “Accelerated Aging and Lifetime Prediction: Review of Non-Arrhenius Behaviour Due to Two Competing Processes,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 90, 395 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. (3).
    Celina, M., Gillen, K.T., Wise, J., and Clough, R.L., “Anomalous Aging Phenomena in a Crosslinked Polyolefin Cable Insulation,” Radiat. Phys. Chem., 48, 613 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (4).
    Celina, M., Gillen, K.T., Clough, R.L., “Inverse Temperature and Annealing Phenomena During Degradation of Crosslinked Polyolefins,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 61, 231 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. (5).
    Cunliffe, A.V. and Davis, A., “Photo-Oxidation of Thick Polymer Samples—Part II: The Influence of Oxygen Diffusion on the Natural and Artificial Weathering of Polyolefins,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 4, 17 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. (6).
    Audouin, L., Langlois, V., Verdu, J., and de Bruijn, J.C.M., “Role of Oxygen Diffusion in Polymer Aging: Kinetic and Mechanical Aspects,” J. Mat. Sci., 29, 569 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. (7).
    Gillen, K.T. and Clough, R.L., “Rigorous Experimental Confirmation of a Theoretical Model for Diffusion-Limited Oxidation,” Polymer, 33, 4358 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (8).
    Gillen, K.T., Celina, M., and Keenan, M.R., “Methods for Predicting More Confident Lifetimes of Seals in Air Environments,” Rubber Chem. Technol., 73, 265 (2000).Google Scholar
  9. (9).
    Gillen, K.T., Celina, M., and Bernstein, R., “Review of the Ultrasensitive Oxygen Consumption Method for Making More Reliable Extrapolated Predictions of Polymer Lifetimes,” Tech. Conf. Soc. Plast. Eng., 62, 2289 (2004).Google Scholar
  10. (10).
    Celina, M. and Gillen, K.T., “Oxygen Permeability Measurements on Elastomers at Temperatures up to 225$ˆ$C,” Macromolecules, 38, 2754 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. (11).
    Celina, M., Graham, A.C., Gillen, K.T., Assink, R.A., and Minier, L.M., “Thermal Degradation Studies of a Polyurethane Propellant Binder,” Rubber Chem. Technol., 73, 678 (2000).Google Scholar
  12. (12).
    Scheirs, J., Bigger, S.W., and Billingham, N.C., “A Review of Oxygen Uptake Techniques for Measuring Polyolefin Oxidation,” Polym. Test, 14, 211 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. (13).
    Celina, M., Skutnik, E.J.M., Winters, S.T., Assink, R.A., and Minier, L.M., “Correlation of Antioxidant Depletion and Mechanical Performance During Thermal Degradation of an HTPB Elastomer,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 91, 1870 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. (14).
    Celina, M., Trujillo, A.B., Gillen, K.T., and Minier, L.M., “Chemiluminescence as a Condition Monitoring Method for Thermal Aging and Lifetime Prediction of an HTPB Elastomer,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 91, 2365 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. (15).
    Wise, J., Gillen, K.T., and Clough, R.L., “An Ultrasensitive Technique for Testing the Arrhenius Extrapolation Assumption for Thermally Aged Elastomers,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 49, 403 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. (16).
    Gillen, K.T., Keenan, M.R., and Wise, J., “New Method for Predicting Lifetime of Seals from Compression-Stress Relaxation Experiments,” Angew. Macromol. Chem., 83, 261-262 (1998).Google Scholar
  17. (17).
    Gillen, K.T., Celina, M., and Bernstein, R., Service Life Prediction: Challenging the Status Quo, Martin, J.W., Ryntz, R.A., and Dickie, R.A. (Eds.), Federation of Societies for Coatings Technology, p. 67, 2005.Google Scholar
  18. (18).
    Gillen, K.T., Celina, M., Bernstein, R., “Validation of Improved Methods for Predicting Long-Term Elastomeric Seal Lifetimes from Compression Stress-Relaxation and Oxygen Consumption Techniques,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 82, 25 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. (19).
    Gillen, K.T., Bernstein, R., and Derzon, D.K., ‘Evidence of Non-Arrhenius Behavior from Laboratory Aging and 24-Year Field Aging of Polychloroprene Rubber Materials,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 87, 57 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. (20).
    Richters, P., “Initiation Process in the Oxidation of Polypropylene,” Macromolecules, 3, 262 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. (21).
    Gijsman, P., Hennekens, J., and Vincent, J., “The Influence of Temperature and Catalyst Residues on the Degradation of Unstabilized Polypropylene,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 39, 271 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. (22).
    Gugumus, F., “Effect of Temperature on the Lifetime of Stabilized and Unstabilized PP Films,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 63, 41 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. (23).
    Board, B.L. and Ruddell, H.J., “Investigation of Premature Depletion of Stabilizers from Solid Polyethylene Insulation,” Proc. Int. Wire Cable Symp., 31, 300 (1982).Google Scholar
  24. (24).
    Ruddell, H.J., Adams, D.J., Latoszynski, P., and de Boer, B.T., “Behaviour of Four Non-Migratory Antioxidants in Solid Polyethylene Insulation,” Proc. Int. Wire Cable Symp., 32, 104 (1983).Google Scholar
  25. (25).
    Celina, M., Clough, R.L., and Jones, G.D., “Initiation of Polymer Degradation via Transfer of Infectious Species,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 91, 1036 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. (26).
    Jacobson, K., Eriksson, P., Reitberger, T., and Stenberg, B., “Chemiluminescence as a Tool for Polyolefin Oxidation Studies,” Adv. Polym. Sci., 169, 151 (2004).Google Scholar
  27. (27).
    Gillen, K.T. and Celina, M., “The Wear-Out Approach for Predicting the Remaining Lifetime of Materials,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 71, 15 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Celina
    • 1
  • K.T. Gillen
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerque

Personalised recommendations