Sterility and Infection

  • Showan N. Nazhat
  • Anne M. Young
  • Jonathan Pratten


Biomaterials implanted into the body need to be sterile in order to avoid infections which can lead to illness and even mortality. Sterility can be defined as the absence of all living organisms, particularly microorganisms. Indeed, the presence of one bacterium would render a medical device non-sterile. Nearly one-third of implant related infections can be prevented by strictly following established infection control guidelines, but in a period of healthcare cost reductions this is increasingly difficult to sustain.


Ethylene Oxide Gingival Crevicular Fluid Chlorine Dioxide Fluoride Release Antimicrobial Coating 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Showan N. Nazhat
    • 1
  • Anne M. Young
    • 2
  • Jonathan Pratten
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mining and Materials EngineeringMcGill UniversityMontrealUK
  2. 2.Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering DivisionUCL Eastman Dental Institute, University College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Division of Microbial Diseases, Eastman Dental InstituteUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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