Magnetic Particles for Biomedical Applications

This chapter discusses applications of magnetic materials in bioengineering and medicine [1–8]. Magnetism and magnetic materials have been used for many decades in many modern medical applications, and several new applications are being developed in part because of the availability of superior electromagnets, superconducting magnets and permanent magnets [9–12]. Advances in the synthesis and characterization of magnetic particles, especially nanomagnetic particles, have also aided in the use of magnetic biomaterials [6–12]. We begin with an introduction to magnetism and magnetic materials, followed by a discussion of the characterization, synthesis techniques and applications of magnetic biomaterials [8, 9]. Magnetic materials can be applied to cell separation, immunoassay, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), drug and gene delivery, minimally invasive surgery, radionuclide therapy, hyperthermia and artificial muscle applications [1–5, 7].


External Magnetic Field Magnetic Particle Magnetic Field Gradient Hard Magnet Spin Magnetic Moment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Safarik I and Safarikova M. Magnetic nanoparticles and biosciences. Monatshefte fur Chemie, 2002, 133: 737–759.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berry CC and Curtis ASG. Functionalisation of magnetic nanoparticles for applications in biomedicine. J Phys D: Appl Phys, 2003, 36: R198–R206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bahadur D and Giri J. Biomaterials and magnetism. Sadhana, 2003, 28: 639–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shinkai M. Functional magnetic materials for medical applications. J Biosci Bioeng, 2002, 94: 606–613.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pankhurst QA, Connolly J, Jones SK, and Dobson J. Applications of magnetic nanoparticles in biomedicine. J Phys D Appl Phys, 2003, 36: R167–R181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tartaj P, et al. The preparation of magnetic nanoparticles for applications in biomedicine. J Phys D: Appl Phys, 2003, 36: R182–R197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Plank C, et al. Enhancing and targeting nucleic acid delivery by magnetic force. Expert Opin Biol Theor, 2003, 3: 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hafeli U, Schutt W, Teller J, and Zborowski M. Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Plenum Press: New York, 1997.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Andra W and Nowak H, eds. Magnetism in Medicine, Wiley-VCH: New York, 1998.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Callister WD. Materials Science and Engineering, Wiley: New York, 2003.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    O’Handley RC. Modern Magnetic Materials, Wiley: New York, 2000.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Koch CC, ed. Nanostructured Materials, Noyes Publications: New York, 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingapore

Personalised recommendations