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Hip Prosthesis

  • Afsaneh Rabiei

Hip prosthesis or hip replacement surgery becomes necessary when the hip joint has been badly damaged from any cause such as arthritis, malformation of the hip since birth or abnormal development and damage from injury. Figures 13.1 and 13.2 show the anatomy of a natural hip. As can be seen, a natural hip is composed of a femoral stem (thigh bone) with a femoral head on top of it, that articulates against the acetabular cup in the acetabulum. As all other joints, there exists a cartilage between the acetabular cup and the femoral head to lubricate their movement and facilitate the articulation. In an arthritic hip joint, the cartilage has been damaged, narrowed or even lost by a degenerative process or by inflammation. Figure 13.3 shows an arthritic hip joint in which the cartilage has been damaged.

Keywords

Femoral Head Wear Rate Wear Debris Acetabular Component Femoral Stem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Biomedical EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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