Thought in Action: Procedural Learning, Processing Speed, and Automaticity

  • Leonard F. Koziol
  • Deborah Ely Budding


Learning and memory are essential to almost everything we do, from the time we wake in the morning to the time we turn-in for the night. Memory is one of the functions that provides continuity to our existence. We must remember what we have done earlier in order to direct what we are doing now. We often must recollect experience in order to plan for the activities of the future, whether we are thinking five minutes ahead, five hours ahead, five days ahead, or five months ahead. When we engage “working memory,” which is the temporary storage of information for the purpose of task completion, we are very often recalling information from longer-term, declarative/episodic recall in order to provide information to assist us in solving the problems of the present. We rely upon what is stored in declarative/episodic memory in order to make plans for the future. We are unable to adapt adequately without these essential functions. Disturbance in these types of memory represent the most frequent complaints for neuropsychological evaluation (Squire & Shimamura, 1996).


Processing Speed Practice Effect Procedural Learning Neuropsychological Evaluation Continuous Performance Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Park RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Manhattan BeachUSA

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