Familiarity and Novelty—Evaluating the Frontostriatal System



Previous chapters of this book have demonstrated that behavioral output is a function of cooperation between three brain regions, namely, the cortex, the basal ganglia, and the cerebellum. It was proposed that posterior cortices primarily function to process sensory–perceptual information. The frontal lobes and prefrontal cortices generate action or motor programs. The basal ganglia participate in attention and action selections and in binding action sequences as instrumental and procedural learning mechanisms. The cerebellum refines these selections of potential behavioral output to meet the amplification requirements of the given behavioral context. This “division of labor” has implications for neuropsychological testing because test results are affected by these same three brain-related sources of variability.


Basal Ganglion Neuropsychological Test Word Reading Medial Temporal Lobe Rule Violation 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Park RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Manhattan BeachUSA

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