Anticancer drugs

  • Corinne Isnard-Bagnis
  • Vincent Launay-Vacher
  • Svetlana Karie
  • Gilbert Deray

Nephrotoxicity is an inherent adverse effect of certain anticancer drugs. Antineoplastic drugs have a narrow therapeutic index and the amount of drug necessary to produce a significant reduction in tumor burden usually produces significant nephrotoxicity. The dosage used in clinical trials represents often the maximum tolerated doses determined during phase I drug evaluation. Greater toxicity is acceptable during curative therapy than during palliative therapy. But cancer patients often exhibit excretory reduced organ function. Modulation of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these drugs in cancer patient is therefore necessary in order to improve tolerance. Patients with malignancies are particularly vulnerable to development of renal abnormalities. Conversely, patients with renal abnormalities who have undergone kidney transplantation are at high risk for malignancy. Clinical syndromes of renal involvement are diverse and sometimes insidious. This chapter focuses on the major anticancer drugs and their renal consequences. Despite the recent physiopathological advances in understanding the mechanism of anticancer drug nephrotoxicity, prevention still relies on drug dosage decrease, and active screening for renal abnormalities as part of the usual biological work up in patients treated with anticancer drugs (Table 1).


Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Clin Oncol Acute Renal Failure Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Renal Toxicity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corinne Isnard-Bagnis
    • Vincent Launay-Vacher
      • Svetlana Karie
        • Gilbert Deray

          There are no affiliations available

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