Emerging Issues in Head and Neck Infections

Part of the Emerging Infectious Diseases of the 21st Century book series (EIDC)

Sinusitis is a common disorder that is frequently diagnosed in clinical practice and has been diagnosed in more than 30 million people each year in the United States.1 Inflammation of the nasal and sinus mucosa can arise from various causes and leads to different sequelae. The term rhinosinusitis is more accurate than sinusitis as the nasal and sinus mucosae are contiguous but the latter is more commonly used and entrenched in medical parlance, thus will be used in this chapter. The three most common inciting factors or causes of sinus inflammation (sinusitis) are viral infections, allergies, and bacterial infections. Accumulating evidence over the past decade has indicated that most children and adults with symptoms of sinusitis are treated unnecessarily with antibiotics, as most cases are due to viral infection. This has contributed to the global increase in antibacterial resistance and exposes subjects to unnecessary side effects.


Tympanic Membrane Maxillary Sinus Chronic Sinusitis Otitis Medium With Effusion Acute Sinusitis 
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