Mitochondrial Tumor Suppressors

  • Bora E. Baysal


Cancer cells have an energy metabolism that is distinct from normal cells in that they preferentially use aerobic glycolysis (Gatenby and Gillies2004). This feature of cancer cells were first described by Warburg, who demonstrated that although normal cells use glycolysis under hypoxia (low oxygen tension) to generate energy, cancer cells use glycolysis even when oxygen is available (Warburg1956). Aerobic glycolysis is thought to be one of the hallmarks of aggressive cancer (Gatenby and Gillies2004). Whether transition to aerobic glycolysis is a cause or consequence of the neoplastic transformation is unclear. In other terms, it is unknown whether the transition to aerobic glycolysis occursafter the crucial molecular steps of tumorigenesis take place (i.e., a tumor promoter role) or it is a mandatory proximal step that has to occurbeforetumorigenesis (i.e., a tumor initiator role). Recent studies suggest that molecular bases of the Warburg effect are caused by multiple...


Carotid Body Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide Urea Cycle Uterine Leiomyomas Fumarate Hydratase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Author’s work is supported by an NIH grant R01CA112364.


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© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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