Orbits of co-operation and the end of an era

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


In April 1967, the military forces of socialist countries allied to the Warsaw Pact—namely Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland and Romania—united their efforts in space exploration and research under the leadership and administration of the Soviet Union. The programme would become known as Intercosmos.


German Democratic Republic Socialist Country Master Space Safe Landing Lonely Existence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    James E. Oberg, Red Star in Orbit: The Inside Story of Soviet Failures and Triumphs in Space, Random House, New York, 1981.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Radio Prague, “Czech Republic 2004.” Website: Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Douglas B. Hawthorne, Men and Women of Space, Univelt, San Diego, CA, 1992.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    E. Knorre, “Bulgaria’s First Spaceman,” Soviet Weekly, Moscow, 23 April 1979.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    MSNBC Technology and Science, “Cosmonaut controversy,” 7 July 2004. Online at: Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Jeremy Page, “Unearthly row over cosmonaut’s burial,” TimesOnline, 8 July 2004. Website: Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester, UK 2009

Personalised recommendations