Discrete Energy on Rectifiable Sets pp 539-602 | Cite as

# Optimal Discrete Measures for Potentials: Polarization (Chebyshev) Constants

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## Abstract

This chapter investigates optimal discrete measures from the perspective of a max-min problem for potentials on a given compact set *A*. More precisely, for a kernel \(K:A\times A \rightarrow \mathbb {R}\cup \{+\infty \}\), the so-called polarization (or Chebyshev) problem is the following: determine *N*-point configurations \(\{x_j\}_{j=1}^N\) on *A* so that the minimum of \(\sum _{j=1}^NK(x, x_j)\) for \(x\in A\) is as large as possible. Such optimization problems relate to the following practical question: if \(K(x, x_j)\) denotes the amount of a substance received at *x* due to an injector of the substance located at \(x_j\), what is the smallest number of like injectors and their optimal locations on *A* so that a prescribed minimal amount of the substance reaches every point of *A*?