Petunia pp 71-84 | Cite as

ADH and PDC: Key Roles for Enzymes of Alcoholic Fermentation

  • Judith Strommer
  • Freydoun Garabagi


In plants the enzymes pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase are generally associated with the alcoholic fermentation pathway, producing a diffusible, non-acidic, and relatively non-toxic end-product for anaerobic glycolysis while regenerating a small amount of NAD+ and ATP. Work with Petunia and tobacco has provided evidence that a more critical function in pollen, and probably other organs and tissues, is to feed carbon back into general metabolism by way of a pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) bypass. Alcohol dehydrogenase is also linked to the biosynthetic pathway producing linear six-carbon volatiles, and perhaps some aromatic volatiles, associated with attraction of insect pollinators.


Green Fluorescent Protein Pollen Tube Alcoholic Fermentation Anaerobic Fermentation Floral Scent 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judith Strommer
    • 1
  • Freydoun Garabagi
  1. 1.Department of Plant Agriculture, Bovey BuildingUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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