Early-Onset Life-Course Persistent and Late-Onset Adolescent-Limited Offenders: Impulsivity, Peers, and Social Reputations

  • Annemaree Carroll
  • Stephen Houghton
  • Kevin Durkin
  • John A. Hattie
Part of the Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development book series (ARAD)
In the initial chapter of our book, we delineated the theories of delinquency and drew particular attention to the developmental trajectories proposed within Moffitt’s developmental taxonomic theory of delinquency (Caspi & Moffitt, 1995; Moffitt, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1997, 2003). Two primary prototypes were initially hypothesized by Moffitt:
  1. 1.

    Early-onset life-course persistent (LCP) offenders who are few, persistent, and pathologic and whose antisocial behaviors originate in neurodevelopmental processes, beginning in childhood, and continuing to worsen thereafter.

  2. 2.

    Late-onset adolescent-limited (AL) offenders who are common, near normative, and whose involvement in offending behavior is relatively transient.


Researchers identified two further types from the original taxonomy, the third of which (originally labeled as “recoveries” by Moffitt et al., 1996) was labeled “low level chronics.” These were persistent offenders from childhood to adolescence (Fergusson et al., 2000) or from...


Antisocial Behavior Gambling Task Delinquent Activity Offender Group Social Reputation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annemaree Carroll
    • 1
  • Stephen Houghton
    • 2
  • Kevin Durkin
    • 3
  • John A. Hattie
    • 4
  1. 1.The University of QueenslandAustralia
  2. 2.University of Westem AustraliaAustralia
  3. 3.University of StrathclydeUK
  4. 4.University of AucklandNew Zealand

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