Humans Before the Industrial Age: A Desirable Ecological Goal?

  • Les Johnson
  • Gregory L. Matloff
  • C Bangs


All of us have experienced the darkness and felt despair. Our civilization’s problems seem beyond measure—an exploding population, pollution, energy shortages, climate change, terrorism, and nuclear proliferation are among those threats. There is nowhere in space to flee to; Earth is filled up, the moon may be waterless, Mars is a lifeless desert, and the stars are just too distant.


Draft Animal Metal Tool Sympathetic Magic Human Band Earth Goddess 
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Further Reading

  1. Many authors have considered the laborious development of human culture and civilization, the challenges and capabilities of our ancestors. For a survey of prehistory and history through the Iron Age, see Jacquetta Hawkes, The Atlas of Early Man (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976). Another wonderful source is Jacob Brownowski, The Ascent of Man (Boston: Little, Brown, 1973). Finally, no student of civilization’s development can ignore Kenneth Clark, Civilization (New York: Harper & Row, 1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MadisonUSA
  2. 2.BrooklynUSA

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