Advertisement

Innovativeness: Is It a Function of the Leadership Style and the Value System of the Entrepreneur?

  • Alev Katrinli
  • Gulem Atabay
  • Gonca Gunay
  • Burcu Guneri
  • Ahenk Aktan
Part of the International Studies In Entrepreneurship book series (ISEN, volume 21)

Abstract

Innovativeness as an organizational cultural phenomena affects innovation and, in turn, performance. Hence, antecedents to innovativeness, namely the value system and leadership style of the entrepreneur, were investigated in this study. Results indicate that innovativeness is significantly related to different leadership dimensions such as demand reconciliation, integration, initiation of structure, production emphasis, role assumption, predictive accuracy, and external stakeholder orientation. Likewise, the intensity of values of power and security of the entrepreneur are significantly related with innovativeness. According to the regression results, innovativeness is a function of demand reconciliation, integration, and power.

Keywords

Venture Capital Predictive Accuracy Market Orientation Leadership Style Leadership Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amabile, T. M., Conti, R., Coon, H. Lazenby, J., Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39(5), 1154–1184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, N. R. and King, N.(1993). Innovations in organizations. In Cooper, C. I., Robertson, I. T., International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8, 1–33.Google Scholar
  3. Aoki, R. and Hu, J. L.(1999). Licensing vs. litigation: the effect of the legal system on incentives to innovate. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 8(1), 133–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Becker, W. and Dietz, J.(2004). R&D cooperation and innovation activities of firms: evidence for the German manufacturing industry. Research Policy, 33(2), 209–223.Google Scholar
  5. Blanchflower, D. and Oswald, A.(1998). What makes an entrepreneur? Journal of Labor Economics, 16, 26–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cooke, P.(1996). The new wave of regional networks: analysis, characteristics and strategy. Small Business Economics, 8(2), 159–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dackert, I., Loov, L. A., Martensson, M.(2004). Leadership and climate for innovation. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 25(2), 301–318.Google Scholar
  8. Deshpande, R. and Farley, J. U.(2004). Organizational culture, market orientation, innovativeness and firm performance: an international research odyssey. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 21, 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dess, G. G. and Pickens, J. C.(2000). Changing roles: leadership in the 21st century. Organizational Dynamics, 28, 18–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dess, G. G. and Lumpkin, G. T.(2003). Strategic Management: Creating Competitive Advantages. New York, NY: McGraw-HillGoogle Scholar
  11. Dionne, S. D., Yammarino, F. J., Atwater, L. E., Spangler, W. D.(2004). Transformational leadership and team performance. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(2), 177–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elenkov, D. S. and Manev, I. M.(2005). at Top management leadership and influence on innovation: the role of sociocultural context. Journal of Management, 31(3), 381–402.Google Scholar
  13. European Commission(1995). Small and medium-sized enterprises: a dynamic source of employment, growth and competitiveness in the European Union. Report presented by the European Commission for the Madrid European Council. Available via DIALOG. http://aei.pitt.edu/2839/01/069.pdf Cited 20 October 2007.
  14. European Innovation Progress Report(2006). Available via DIALOG. http://trend chart.cordis.lu. Cited 20 October 2007.
  15. Fritsch, M. and Franke, M.(2004). Innovation, regional knowledge spillovers and R&D cooperation. Research Policy, 33(2), 245–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Garcia-Morales, V. J., Llorens-Montes, F. J., Verdu-Jover, A. J.(2006). Antecedents and consequences of organizational innovation and organizational leaning in entrepreneurship. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 106(1), 21–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gobeli, D. H., Koenig, H. F., Bechinger, I.(1998). Managing conflict in software development teams: a multilevel analysis. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 13(1), 52–62.Google Scholar
  18. Hansen, M. T. and Morten, T.(1999). The search-transfer problem: the role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44(1), 82–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hult, G. T. M., Hurley, R. F., Knight, G. A.(2004). Innovativeness: its antecedents and impact on business performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 33, 429–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hult, G. T. M, Snow, C. C., Kandemir, D.(2003). The role of entrepreneurship in building cultural competitiveness in different organizational types. Journal of Management, 29(3), 401–426.Google Scholar
  21. Hurley, R. F. and Hult, G. T.(1998). Innovation, market orientation and organizational learning: an integration and empirical examination. Journal of Marketing, 62, 42–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jaworski, B. and Kohli, A.(1990). Market orientation: antecedents and consequences. Journal of Marketing,57, 53–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kane-Urrabazo, C.(2006). Management’s role in shaping organizational culture. Journal of Nursing Management, 14, 188–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Karagozoglu, N., Brown, W. B.(1988). Adaptive responses by conservative and entrepreneurial firms. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 5(4), 269–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kelly, L. M., Athanassiou, N., Crittenden, W. F.(2000). Founder centrality and strategic behavior in the family-owned firm. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(2), 27–42.Google Scholar
  26. Keskin, H.(2006). Market orientation, learning orientation and innovation capabilities in SMEs: an extended model. European Journal of Innovation Management, 9(4), 396–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kortum, S. and Lerner, J.(2000). Assessing the contribution of venture capital to innovation. RAND Journal of Economics, 31(4), 674–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kotey, B. and Meredith G. G.(1997). Relationships among owner/manager personal values, business strategies, and enterprise performance. Journal of Small Business Management, 35(2), 37–64.Google Scholar
  29. Kwang, N. A., Ang, R. P., Ooi, L. B., Shin, W. S., Oei, T. P. S., Leng, V.(2005). Do adaptors and innovators subscribe to opposing values? Creativity Research Journal. 17(2), 273–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lee, C., Lee, K. and Pennings, J. M.(2001). Internal capabilities, external networks, and performance: a study on technology based ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22, p615–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liebowitz, J.(2002). Facilitating innovation through knowledge sharing: a look at the US naval surface warfare center-carderock division. Journal of Computer Information System, 42(5), 1–6.Google Scholar
  32. Lin, C. Y. and Chen, M. Y.(2007). Does innovation lead to performance? An empirical study of SMEs in Taiwan. Management Research News, 30(2), 115–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Littrell, R.(2002). Desirable leadership behaviors of multi-cultural managers in China. Journal of Management Development, 21(1), 5–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lok, P., Westwood, R., Crawford, J.(2005). Perceptions of organisational subculture and their significance for organizational commitment. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54(4), 490–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lumpkin, G. T. and Dess, G.(1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 770–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mansfield, E., Rapaport, J., Schnee, J., Wagner, S., and Hamburger, M.(1971). The Production and Application of New Industrial Technology. New York, NY: W.W. Norton and Co.Google Scholar
  37. McLean, L. D.(2005). Organizational culture’s influence on creativity and innovation: a review of the literature and implications for human resource development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 7(2), 226–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Meglino, B. M. and Ravlin, E. C.(1998). Individual values in organizations: concepts, controversies, and research. Journal of Management, 24, 351–389.Google Scholar
  39. Menguc, B. and Seigyoung, A.(2006). Creating a firm level dynamic capability through capitalizing on market orientation and innovativeness. Academy of Marketing Science, 34(1), 63–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Miller, D.(1986). Configurations of strategy and structure: towards a synthesis. Strategic Management Journal, 7, 233–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Miron, E., Erez, M. and Naveh, E.(2003). Do personal characteristics and cultural values that promote innovation, quality, and efficiency compete or complement each other? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(2), 175–199.Google Scholar
  42. Mone, M. A., McKinley, W., Bargar, V. L.(1998). Organizational decline and innovation: a contingency framework. Academy of Management Review, 23, 115–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Morris, M. H. and Schindehutte, M.(2005). Entrepreneurial values and the ethnic enterprise: an examination of six sub-cultures. Journal of Small Business Management, 43(4), 453–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Mumford, M. D. and Licuanan, B.(2004). Leading for innovation: conclusions, issues, and directions. The Leadership Quarterly, 15, 163–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mumford, M. D., Scott, G. M., Gaddis, B. and Strange, J. M.(2002). Leading creative people: orchestrating expertise and relationship. The Leadership Quarterly, 13, 705–750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Northouse, P. G.(2004). Leadership: Theory and Practice. London: Sage PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  47. Olson, E. M., Slater, F. S., Hult, G. T. M.(2005). The performance implications of fit among business strategy, marketing organization structure, and strategic behavior. Journal of Marketing, 69, 49–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. O’Regan, N., Ghobadian, A., Sims, M.(2006). Fast tracking innovation in manufacturing SMEs. Technovation, 26(2), 251–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. OECD & Eurostat(2005). Oslo Manual: guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data. Available via DIALOG. {http://epp.eurostat.cec.eu.int/ cache/ITY_PUBLIC/OSLO/EN/OSLO-EN.PDF} Cited in 10 October 2007.
  50. Rice, G.(2006). Individual values, organizational context, and employee creativity: evidence from Egyptian organizations. Journal of Business Research, 59, 233–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Rokeach, M.(1973). The Nature of Human Values. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  52. Santos-Vijande, M. L, Alvarez-Gonzales, L. I.(2007). Innovativeness and organizational innovation in total quality oriented firms: the moderating role of market turbulence. Technovation, 27(9), 514–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Schwartz, S. H.(1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: theory and empirical tests in 20 countries. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25, 1–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sener, A. and Hazer, O.(2007). Degerlerin kadinlarin Surdurulebilir tuketim davranisi uzerindeki etkilerine iliskin bir araştirma. Hacettepe Universitesi Sosyolojik Araştirmalar E-dergisi.Google Scholar
  55. Slater, S. and Narver, J.(1995). Market orientation and the learning organization. Journal of Marketing, 59, 63–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Solow, R.(2001). Competitiveness and the CMI mission. Available via DIALOG. http://www.cambridge-mit.org/events/article/?objid=1176. Cited 20 October 2007
  57. Somech, A.(2006). The effects of leadership style and team processes on performance and innovation in functionally heterogeneous teams. Journal of Management, 32, 132–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Sosik, J. J.(2005). The role of personal values in the charismatic leadership of corporate managers: a model and preliminary field study. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 221–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Spini, D.(2003). Measurement equivalence of ten value types from the Schwartz Value Survey across 21 countries. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34(1), 3–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tanriverdi, H. and Zehir, C.(2006). Impact of learning organizations’ applications and market dynamism on organizations’ innovativeness and market performance. The Business Review, 6(2), 238–246.Google Scholar
  61. Teece, D. J.(1986). Profiting from technological innovation: implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy, 15, 285–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Thomson, A. A. and Strickland A. J.(1986). Strategy Formulation and Implementation: Task of General Manager. Plano, TX: Business Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
  63. Timmons, J. A. and Bygrave, W. D.(1986). Venture capital’s role in financing \nobreak innovation for economic growth. Journal of Business Venturing, 1(2), 161–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Tsai, W.(2001). Knowledge transfer in intraorganizational networks: effects of network position and absorptive capacity on business unit innovation and performance. The Academy of Management Journal, 44(5), 996–1004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Van de Ven, A.(1986). Central problems in the management of innovation. Management Science, 32, 590–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Verbees, F. J. H. and Meulenberg, M. T. G.(2004). Market orientation, innovativeness, product innovation, and performance in small firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 42(2), 134–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Vermeulen, P. A. M., Jong, J. P. J., O’Shaughnessy, K. C.(2005). Identifying key determinants for new product introductions and firm performance in small service firms. The Services Industries Journal, 25(5), 625–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. West, M. A., Borrill, C. S., Dawson, J. F., Brodbeck, F.(2003). Leadership clarity and team innovation in health care. The Leadership Quarterly, 14, 545–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Yadav, M. S., Prabhu, J. C., Chandy, R. K.(2007). Managing the future: CEO attention and innovation outcomes. Journal of Marketing, 71, 84–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Zahra, S. A., Nielsen, A. P., Bognar, W. C.(1999). Corporate entrepreneurship, knowledge and competence development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23(3), 169–189.Google Scholar
  71. Zaltman, G., Duncan, R., Holbek, J.(1973). Innovations and Organizations. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alev Katrinli
    • 1
  • Gulem Atabay
    • 1
  • Gonca Gunay
    • 1
  • Burcu Guneri
    • 1
  • Ahenk Aktan
    • 1
  1. 1.Izmir University of EconomicsBalcova IzmirTurkey

Personalised recommendations