Effect of Cancer on Platelets

Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 148)

Platelets play an essential role in hemostasis, the arrest of bleeding. In response to vascular injury, platelets become adherent and undergo activation and aggregation. The formation of platelet plug occurs simultaneously with activation of coagulation leading to fibrin formation. Platelet function also contributes to pathologic thrombus formation leading to vascular occlusion often in the context of underlying vascular disease, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Other less well appreciated functions of platelets include a vascular maintenance function, regulation of angiogenesis, as well as putative roles in inflammation and immunity. Platelets are now linked to diverse physiologic and pathologic processes including wound healing and tissue regeneration, response to microbial infection, inflammatory diseases, atherogenesis, tumorigenesis and metastasis.


Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Disseminate Intravascular Coagulation Thrombin Generation Tumor Cell Adhesion Osteolytic Bone Metastasis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine/HematologyNew York University School of MedicineNew York
  2. 2.Dept of MedicineNew York Univ Medi CtrNew York

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